Hepatitis E: new insight on animal reservoirs (from Ms Nicole PAVIO) - http://www.afssa.fr/bulletin-epidemiologique/Documents/BEP-mg-BE38-art7.pdf
Unlike other hepatitis viruses, Hepatitis E virus (HEV) can infect both human and animals. Recent evidence, such as the genetic proximity between human and animal strains and cases of infection after consumption of contaminated food, establish the risk of zoonotic transmission. This transmission may occur by ingestion of infected meat or possibly by direct contact with the animal reservoir.
Various studies have demonstrated the presence of HEV in food product derived from swine (liver). Similarly wildlife, such as wild boars and deer, is an important reservoir of HEV. Facing the high prevalence of HEV in pig farms and wildlife, a close surveillance of these reservoirs, as well as the development of new techniques in food processing, must be considered.
Hepatitis E, animal reservoir, food-borne diseases, zoonoses