Hepatitis is an infectious disease due to a virus (Hepatitis E Virus or HEV) shared by human and some animal species.
In France, Hepatitis E Virus sporadically circulates. In 2009, more than 250 cases were recorded.
This disease is often silent. When signs occur, acute symptoms appear (similar to Hepatitis A):
- abdominal pain,
- often jaundice.
In most cases the evolution is favorable. However, severe cases may occur in pregnant women, immunodepressed or having lever injuries.
Hepatitis E Virus spreads through contaminated food.
By the consumption of food from animals with virus :
- meat, offals, from wild boar and deers, especially heart, spleen, lever, lungs, most of the time slightly cooked.
- Products from raw lever or slightly cooked, from pig, aimed to be eaten cooked, but sometimes raw or insufficiently cooked : lever sausages, raw sausages, lever quenelle, ...
- Products from raw porc lever, meant to be eaten raw : dried lever sausages, smoked.
By the consumtion of non potable water.
By the consumption of contaminated products :
contaminated by tainted water (irrigation, cleaning).
No vaccine is available. It is recommended to thoroughly cook :
- Products made of raw porc lever (fresh or dried lever sausages, dry lever),
- Products made of wild boar and deer (specifically heart, spleen, lever, lung),
It is recommended for pregnant women, immunodepressed persons, or person already having lever problems not to eat those products.